عنوان مقاله [English]
Introduction: The roots of Masonic organizations in Iran go back to the early Qajar. The structure and nature of these organizations are tied to the historical developments of political philosophy and governance. Freemasonry lodges started in Iran after September 20th and August 28th coup and joined the spheres of influence.
Iranian missionaries had identity and social functions apart from organizational actions and played a role as the emerging components of the 20th century. The Pahlavi period is the period of continuation and real development of Masonic organizations in Iran. Freemasonry in this thirty-seven-year period has hidden and contradictory dimensions and angles that have been neglected throughout history.
Purpose: The purpose of writing this article is to academically review observe and explain the history of Freemasonry in Iran during the Pahlavi era. It is able to respond to many contradictions and orientations in this field.
Method: The researcher tries to answer the unsolved ambiguities of the research with a descriptive-analytical method and in the framework of historical studies and relying on archival and library documents.
Freemasonry organizations achieved an independent identity structure during the three decades of Pahlavi II's life and they appeared publicly as one of the components of power. These organizations had conflicts both at the domestic level and as dependent elements of extra-local and global powers.
During this period the sphere of influence of the lodges gained a national extent and the affiliated centers were withdrawn from passivity and the leaders of power aimed and organized intra-organizational relations.