نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
کارشناسی ارشد تاریخ و پژوهشگر ارشد مرکز اسناد و تاریخ شفاهی شورای عالی آموزش و پرورش.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Inspecting the formation and process of the clergy movement in the 1960s shows that this movement influenced a wide range of different social strata and classes and even managed to recruit them. So that the movement not only interacted with some organizations, but also became the foundation for the establishment of some militant organizations. It is noteworthy that which factors played a role in the formation of this interaction? Which organizations took the lead in this interaction?
Examining the course of the spiritual movement's struggles in this decade shows that the following three formations played a pioneering role in this interaction: 1. Iran's Freedom Movement: This academic formation was established in the 1950s and with the long-term arrest and detention of its leaders from 1965, 2. Islamic Coalition Delegations: This market organization was established in 1964 in the midst of confrontation between authority and militant clergy with the state, and after its role in the assassination of Prime Minister Hasan Ali Mansour was revealed, its leaders were arrested and the activities of the organization were stopped. 3. Islamic Nations Party: This organization, with the membership of a group of young religious innovators, tried to secretly fight against the regime. A few months after its establishment in 1966, its leaders were identified and arrested by SAVAK and the party collapsed.
This article by using a descriptive-analytical approach and in a library shows method that the spirituality movement with regard to its religious and native nature as well as its anti-authoritarian and especially anti-colonial approaches quickly attracted the attention of other political-religious groups and organizations and succeeded in interacting with some of them, spread the teachings of the movement among different strata and get help from them.