عنوان مقاله [English]
In the early 1960s and after April 1963, clerics were called to the military service according to the government's directive. Scholars and elders such as Imam Khomeini expressed their opposition to this issue and refused to be sent to military service. But in the end, army trucks would arrest any cleric who was fit for military service in terms of body and age and take them to the barracks. Many times, the clerics protested about being sent to the military service in the presence of Imam Khomeini, but after this issue, the scholars took this as a good omen and it was decided to communicate more with the military personnel and make the soldiers aware of the Islamic movement. The situation of clerics was not suitable at the beginning of their deployment, and as a result, there were protests that gradually improved their service situation. Among the reasons for sending clerics to the military was the government's greater control over the clerics, which provided the ground for soldiers to become familiar with thinking. In this research, using the available information, we have analyzed and investigated the issue of clerical conscription and explained its actions for the Pahlavi government. The question of this research is what was the state of military service and the rules of clerical service in the Pahlavi period, and what was the action of the clergy in dealing with the enlistment of clerics?